A guide to Harvard Referencing

By | January 19, 2020

Hi, my name is Jonny, and I’m a student at
the University of Derby. One of the areas that a lot of new students
run into trouble with is referencing. I’m going to talk you through a commonly used
style known as Harvard referencing. When you’re writing a piece of academic work,
you’ll be researching and reading a lot of work done by others to help formulate your
ideas and arguments. You need to acknowledge where you found the
information; not only because it’s fair to give credit to the person whose hard work
you’re using, but also to avoid plagiarism. When using the Harvard referencing system,
there are two stages to highlighting other people’s work in your own, citing or referencing.
Citing or citation is what you do in the text of your essay, where you highlight words or
ideas that you’ve incorporated from somebody else’s work.
Referencing, is where you put all of the details of the source of the information that you’ve
used at the end of your work in a separate section.
The way that you use citation in your work, depends on whether you’re using a direct word
for word quote from another piece of work or if you’re putting somebody else’s ideas
into your own words. If you’re copying a statement word for word,
you need to put quotation marks around it. If you’re writing somebody else’s ideas in
your own words, then you don’t need to use quotation marks.
For both direct quotes and putting somebody else’s work into your own words, you need
to then indicate the source of the information, in brackets, at the end.
These details are there to lead the reader to the full information at the back of the
document. A citation only includes a maximum of three
pieces of information. If you’re copying a direct quote, this will
be: the authors surname, the year the source was published and the page number.
If it’s not a direct quote, you should include the author and the year the source was published.
The reference section of your work should include all of the information about the source
of the statement that you’ve used in your essay.
Each separate source of information should always start with the same information as
the citation in your essay, so the source materials’ details can easily be found.
You should then organise each source alphabetically by the author.
If for any reason there is no author, you should use the title of the source instead.
Under the Harvard system, the order you present the information for each of your sources has
to be done in a particular way. If you’ve got your information from a book,
then you need to write down the following: The author or editor, the year of publication
in round brackets, the title in italics; bold or underlined, the edition if it is not the
first edition, the place of publication and the publisher, the series and volume number
where relevant. If you used the information from an ebook
in your work, then you need to write down the following:
The author or editor, the
year of publication in round brackets, the title in italics; bold or underlined, name
of the ebook collection in italics; bold or underlined, the phrase “Online” in square
brackets, the words “available at” followed by the url of the ebook, the word “accessed”
followed by the date you accessed the information in brackets.
If you used the information from a journal in your work,
The author, the
year of publication in round brackets, the title of the article in single quotation marks,
the title of the journal in italics; bold or underlined and the volume, issue and page
numbers. If you used information from an online journal
in your work, then you need to write down the following:
The author, the year of publication in round brackets, the title of the article in single
quotation marks, the title of the journal in italics; bold or underlined, the volume,
issue and page numbers, the name of the collection in italics; bold or underlined, the phrase
“Online” in square brackets, the words “available at” followed by the url of the online journal
article, the word “accessed” followed by the date you accessed the information in brackets.
If you used information from a web page in your work, then you need to include:
The author or publishing organisation, the year that the site was published or last updated
in round brackets, the title of the internet site in italics; bold or underlined, the words
“available at” followed by the url of the web page, the word “accessed” followed by
the date you accessed the information in brackets. If you want any more information on referencing,
then visit the study skills section of the University of Derby website.

100 thoughts on “A guide to Harvard Referencing

  1. charizard charizard444 Post author

    How do you cite a website?

  2. Lifes Light Post author

    You've been a life saver for this mature student… Thanks Johnny! 😘😘😘

  3. Patrick Katuruza Post author

    What is the difference between the Bibliography and References Sections in a dissertation? I noted that assignment brief for my program requires both and to the best of knowledge, they are one and the same thing.

  4. CHATS Post author

    ah, every time i have an assignment i find myself back here

  5. Hamed Hosseini Post author

    If you still need more problem video, please consider watching my easy tutorial:

  6. no flex zone Post author

    How would you cite and reference a website if it doesn't state who the author was or the year published?

  7. Nashy - NuNu Post author

    There's a hiccup!!!! can anyone else spot the difference? if not pause on 2:54 and you cannot miss it! just saying

  8. SheReadyKE Post author

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  9. Abdulatif M Post author

    What about citing a website?!!!!
    What you write? For ex. (Website,2017)

  10. Nish Post author

    go to​ a website called Neil's toolbox. it's a referencing site. thank me later.

  11. Toroti Elegbede Post author

    I lost 20 years watching this 7-minute video. How is that possible?

  12. JOJO Post author

    Omg life saviour!!! My essay is due in tomorrow so thank youuuuu

  13. Aurelius Intél Post author

    Fucking hate referencing, it ruins my train of thought.

  14. Dave Jay Post author

    College Kids, Take Note, You will need this!

  15. MrLockey1992 Post author

    If a website has a document to download (regulations for a race series on the FIA website) would this be classed as referencing a website or something else?

  16. Super_Smash _Dude Post author

    Thaaaaank yooooooou!!!

    It's all so clear!! God bless you:D

  17. shivan4lyf Post author

    I can’t lie this is all long for me to handle but I will learn it at some point

  18. IncredibleSnail Post author

    I've watched Johnny like a million times now for all my different assignments no Joke, Thanks mahn for guiding for a good like 8 years on how to Harvard Reference XD

  19. Mikardo88 Post author

    I found this video extremely useful as the information provided by The Open University for how to reference is rather inadequate. Thank you.

  20. Jill Robins Post author

    Johnny, thank you so much, this has been doing my daughter's head in.

  21. Gregztar333 Post author

    What if it's just a youtube video? Would I follow the "referencing a website" bit? cheers

  22. Rudy Hew Post author

    For an author's name (John Smith), is it necessary to write in full e.g. Smith, John, or just use the initial for the first name, i.e. Smith, J. ?

  23. Straight White British Protestant Post author

    Immediately switched off when I heard he was from university of derby.

  24. Waster Labrus Post author

    ironically they didn't give credit of the background music

  25. Tanjid chowdhury Post author

    hi ..How to reference UN /WHO documents Like World Report on Disability by WHO and world bank in 2011?

  26. Khalil Sabbagh Post author

    Thank you for this video! The presentation of the info was excellent and simple to follow!

  27. Kiera Jessica Post author

    Thank you so much for this! I am going to study this so much to help me out. <3

  28. J Wickremesinghe Post author

    Thanks a million!!!! Your video is a life saver…… ! Was about to submit my CIPD assignment and found out that my referencing gone haywire; you saved my work!!

  29. Luwam Moges Post author

    what can I do if I want to use a web page as a reference and it doesn't have the author's name and date of publication? I need help ASAP please. someone help me pls.

  30. Nick Thornber Post author

    cite them right is given the wrong title in this – cite the right 😀 – quite a different text I would guess!

  31. Roise Moore Post author

    Does the 'et al' in the citation need to be italicised?

  32. George Barnard Post author

    is it just me that still doesn't get it? referencing is pointless as its quite fucking obvious I didn't get it from myself. why does it also have to be so in depth? I don't get it and to be honest don't think I ever will.

  33. James Duncan Post author

    I am proud to be a student at the University of Derby. Always very helpful. Just trying to understand the Site them Right book. End up on Youtube. Thanks for the video.

  34. Rachal Limbu Post author


  35. Denzil Fernandes Post author

    Ive been using this guy for 3 years now and I always feel good to see his face because it means my works almost finished.

  36. Yanga Lula Post author

    You make it easy for me … wonderfully work

  37. SaY HossZ Post author

    Dear I would like to ask a question. I have used company CSR report in my report in several places. I paraphrased that. Do I need to show page number in each citation as the report is almost 100 pages. Pls help…

  38. Md Shoad Karim Post author

    Best video in the world for understanding the way writing reference

  39. Patrick Kimber Guitar Post author

    I'm two weeks away from finishing my degree and I'm watching this for my last essay hahaha

  40. Threelly AI Post author

    My CAT Decided What I ATE for 24 HOURS (And This Is What Happended…)

  41. Thersia Terblanche Post author

    The best explanation I have been able to find so far!! Well done! Now I understand HR for the first time 🙂

  42. Yanik Ottenbreit Post author

    10 on 10 video! So clear, I finally get it.

  43. Umar talks Post author

    Don't be lazy and forget to cite information in your essays. So many students just reference and barely cite anything.

  44. Lina Akhtar Post author

    You know when you’re writing a reference, do you put just the surname and the individuals first initials of their first name? Like “Bell, Judith” in Referencing an e-book. Is that her full name?
    Same with Referencing an article – is “Wakefield, Caroline and Smith, Dave two different people?

  45. Lina Akhtar Post author

    Can you not have a journal and an article separately? In that case would you reference it the same way?

  46. Youtube User Post author

    If we reference from an E-Book which is also a physical copy that we can also buy in the shop can't we just reference it as normal and not as an E-Book type reference without the URL?

  47. Catherine de Veuve Post author

    I'm a study skills tutor at various unis and have just sent this video to a student as it's great. succinct, clear, comprehensive–thank you!

  48. William Scott Post author

    I would enjoy writing essays at uni if it weren’t so bloody difficult to reference

  49. Mr that's just your opinion man Post author

    The most useful tool for referencing, straight to the point, quick and precise. I wish my uni had this level of competense

  50. Bernard Boey Post author

    I like the video. Jonny has explained simply and clearly the Harvard Referencing process. Great job.

  51. Gopalakrishnan Premalatha Post author

    Excellent video – well explained…

  52. Tom Wright Post author

    "To avoid plagiarism". Hmm, others benefit is that it

    * Ensures that your ideas are couched within the lattice work of original work
    * Helps people understand your work


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